Friday, June 21, 2024

Abbvie Inc. (ABBV) Dividend Stock Analysis

Linked here is a detailed quantitative analysis of Abbvie Inc. (ABBV). Below are some highlights from the above linked analysis:

Company Description: Abbvie Inc. is a global research-based pharmaceuticals business that emerged as a separate entity following its spin-off from Abbott Laboratories at the start of 2013. AbbVie's key drug is Humira for rheumatoid arthritis.

Fair Value: In calculating fair value, I consider the NPV MMA Differential Fair Value along with these four calculations of fair value, see page 2 of the linked PDF for a detailed description:

1. Avg. High Yield Price
2. 20-Year DCF Price
3. Avg. P/E Price
4. Graham Number

ABBV is trading at a premium to all four valuations above. Since ABBV's tangible book value is not meaningful, a Graham number can not be calculated. When also considering the NPV MMA Differential, the stock is trading at a 9.1% premium to its calculated fair value of $154.49. ABBV did not earn any Stars in this section.

Dividend Analytical Data: In this section there are three possible Stars and three key metrics, see page 2 of the linked PDF for a detailed description:

1. Free Cash Flow Payout
2. Debt To Total Capital
3. Key Metrics
4. Dividend Growth Rate
5. Years of Div. Growth
6. Rolling 4-yr Div. > 15%

ABBV earned two Stars in this section for 1.) and 3.) above. A Star was earned since the Free Cash Flow payout ratio was less than 60% and there were no negative Free Cash Flows over the last 10 years. ABBV earned a Star for having an acceptable score in at least two of the four Key Metrics measured. The company has paid a cash dividend to shareholders every year since 1926 and has increased its dividend payments for 52 consecutive years.

Dividend Income vs. MMA: Why would you assume the equity risk and invest in a dividend stock if you could earn a better return in a much less risky money market account (MMA) or Treasury bond? This section compares the earning ability of this stock with a high yield MMA. Two items are considered in this section, see page 2 of the linked PDF for a detailed description:

1. NPV MMA Diff.
2. Years to > MMA

ABBV earned a Star in this section for its NPV MMA Diff. of $584 This amount is in excess of the $500 target I look for in a stock that has increased dividends as long as ABBV has. If ABBV grows its dividend at 4.8% per year, it will take 1 years to equal a MMA yielding an estimated 20-year average rate of 3.75%. ABBV earned a check for the Key Metric 'Years to >MMA' since its 1 years is less than the 5 year target.

Peers: The company's peer group includes: Merck & Co. Inc. (MRK) with a 2.4% yield, Bristol-Myers Squibb Company (BMY) with a 5.9% yield, and Eli Lilly & Co. (LLY) with a 0.6% yield.

Conclusion: ABBV did not earn any Stars in the Fair Value section, earned two Stars in the Dividend Analytical Data section and earned one Star in the Dividend Income vs. MMA section for a total of three Stars. This quantitatively ranks ABBV as a 3-Star Hold stock.

Using my D4L-PreScreen.xls model, I determined the share price would need to increase to $175.98 before ABBV's NPV MMA Differential decreased to the $500 minimum that I look for in a stock with 52 years of consecutive dividend increases (streak includes predecessor companies increases). At that price the stock would yield 3.48%.

Resetting the D4L-PreScreen.xls model and solving for the dividend growth rate needed to generate the target $500 NPV MMA Differential, the calculated rate is 4.3%. This dividend growth rate is below the 4.8% used in this analysis, thus providing a small margin of safety. ABBV has a risk rating of 1.25 which classifies it as a Low risk stock.

Like all pharmaceutical companies, ABBV is faced with competition from generics, pricing restraints and R&D related risks. The stock's Free Cash Flow payout of 50% (up from 44%) is within my acceptable range, while and its Debt To Total Capital of 90% (up from 82%) is well above my desired maximum. ABBV is currently trading above my calculated fair value of $154.49. I plan to continue watching the company's dividend fundamentals and allocation before adding to my position.

Disclaimer: Material presented here is for informational purposes only. The above quantitative stock analysis, including the Star rating, is mechanically calculated and is based on historical information. The analysis assumes the stock will perform in the future as it has in the past. This is generally never true. Before buying or selling any stock you should do your own research and reach your own conclusion. See my Disclaimer for more information.

Full Disclosure: At the time of this writing, I was long ABBV (6.8% of my Dividend Growth Portfolio). See a list of all my Dividend Growth Portfolio holdings here.

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